Source 2 — Valve Developer Community
Quake ▶ GoldSrc ▶ Source ▶ Source 2
Todo: This page is not a stub but could use some more detail.
Source 2 is a 3D video game engine in development by Valve as a successor to Source.
It is used in Dota 2, SteamVR Home, Half-Life: Alyx, S&box, and more. Elements of Source 2 are present in Counter-Strike: Global Offensive, such as Panorama UI.
Source 2 was first made public with the Dota 2 Workshop Tools Alpha in August 6th 2014 and formally announced by Valve in March of 2015 at the Game Developers Conference. It was then implemented into Dota 2 on June 17th 2015.
Valve has announced that Source 2 will be released to the public for free, and it will only take money should it be used for commercial products.
The engine is capable of rendering highly complex and well detailed scenes with minimal framerate drops, thanks to its new 64-bit support alongside Vulkan, allowing for better multi-core rendering and more efficient 3D rendering.
Support for 32-bit, OpenGL, DirectX 9, XAudio, and macOS versions below 10.14 were removed in 2021.
- 1 Features
- 2 Products using Source 2
- 2.1 Valve
- 2.2 Third-Party
- 3 Tools
- 4 See Also
- Integrated asset management via the Asset System.
- New engine-integrated authoring tools, rebuilt from the ground up.
- Completely rebuilt Hammer level editor, featuring modern polygon mesh editing tools.
- Support for both forward and deferred rendering pipelines.
- Lower latency and more responsive input.
- Improved audio and voice processing.
- New in-house physics engine, Rubikon. Includes support for Cloth Simulation.
- Physically based rendering support.
- Support for the Steam Audio sound system.
- Enhanced Panorama GUI, designed to be more user friendly.
- Native DirectX 11® and Vulkan® support.
- 64-bit only
Products using Source 2
Products made by Valve.
2016SteamVR Performance Test – Non-interactive version of the Robot Repair demo
Robot Repair– Included in The Lab
2016Destinations – Replaced by SteamVR Home
2018Artifact – The Dota Card Game
2022Aperture Desk Job
Products made by third-party companies and mod teams.
- Dota 2 Workshop Tools
- SteamVR Workshop Tools
- Half-Life: Alyx Workshop Tools
- Source 2 General Discoveries
- Source 2 on Wikipedia
How to Create Your 3D Game in Source Engine
Table of Contents:
Source Engine History
You may have heard of Valve. The Orange Box, Half-Life 2 Episode One and Episode 2, Left 4 Dead, and Portal. All of these are not only fantastic games but influential pieces of media that have shaped gaming.
Initially starting as the GoldSrc engine with the first Half-Life game, Source and Source 2 have come a long way.
Valve’s Source engine has roots in other engines. At the same time, you may see unique aspects and features in Valve’s engine, John Carmack’s Quake engine.
Launched in June 2004, Valve’s Source engine gave players and developers new, exciting tools and games to work with.
Source Engine Tools and Resources
So, you want to make your own 3D games, animations, and objects in the Source engine? Good, because it’s a great option to choose.
There are a few things to consider, like what game you want to create. Let’s look at some useful Source engine resources to help you along.
Source SDK Tutorial – First Map tutorial using Hammer
January 2, 2023, 12:00
Forecasts for the maximum price of gold in 2023 are very different, but all analysts agree that it will definitely rise in price
continued increase in the discount rate by central banks and high volatility in the markets, says the head of Swiss Asia Capital, Joerg Keener. Speaking on CNBC, he said that the price of an ounce of the precious metal could range from $2,500 to $4,000 next year. According to him, the global gold market in 2023 is not expected to grow by 10-20%, but a really sharp jump.
Reasons for this behavior of gold, in my opinion, are enough. Many economies may face recession as early as the first quarter. Recessions will force central banks to slow down their rate hikes, which they use to fight high inflation. This will add to the attractiveness of gold in the eyes of investors. In addition, gold is the only asset that all central banks have.
Time to advance
According to the World Gold Council, central banks bought 400 tons of gold in the third quarter of 2022. This is almost twice as high as the previous record — 241 tons, also set in the third quarter of 2018 alone.
“After the 2000s, the average gold rate in all currencies was between 8 and 10% per year,” Keener explained the attraction of gold. “You won’t find rates like this in the securities or bond markets.”
Increases the attractiveness of gold and high inflation, which persists in many regions of the planet. Gold, Jörg Keener recalled, is one of the best means of protection against both inflation and stagflation.
Of course, not all experts agree with Keener’s forecast of doubling the price of gold next year. Slatestone Wealth senior strategist Kenny Polcari, for example, believes the precious metal will face strong resistance as early as $1,900 an ounce. He believes that the main thing in the dynamics of prices for the precious metal will be how inflation will react to raising the discount rate by central banks.
“I like gold,” he admits. — I always liked it. Gold should be in the investment portfolio of every investor. I think that everything will be fine with him (in 2023), but I strongly doubt that it will rise to 4 thousand dollars.
According to Nikhil Kamat, one of the founders of India’s largest brokerage company Zerodha, gold should occupy 10 to 20% of each investor’s portfolio. He advises to follow this unwritten rule in 2023 as well.
After the sensational decision of the main bank of Japan to change the yield policy on government bonds, the dollar weakened, and gold rose in price by 1%. True, the very next day, on Wednesday, the dollar won back its lost positions, and the precious metal fell in price.
High gold prices do not scare Chinese investors, who, according to Jörg Keener, are ready to pay almost any money for it.
In early December last year, the Chinese central bank announced another acquisition of the precious metal, this time for $1.8 billion. According to Reuters, gold reserves stored in the vaults of the People’s Bank of China have come close to $112 billion.