Oc ram 3200: 3200(OC) what does it mean? : buildapc

How to overclock RAM | Digital Trends

When people talk about overclocking, they are usually referring to the CPU and GPU. However, it is also possible to overclock the RAM, and in some cases, it can lead to greater performance enhancements than any other tweaks you make.


  • What are the benefits of overclocking RAM?
  • RAM overclocking explained
  • Prepare to overclock
  • Overclock using XMP memory profiles
  • Manual RAM overclocking
  • How to tighten the timings
  • Things to remember in regard to AMD and Infinity Fabric




45 minutes

What You Need

If you’ve never tried your hand at it, overclocking your RAM might feel a little intimidating, but don’t worry — it’s actually quite easy. You don’t need to have one of the best RAM kits, either, even though it certainly helps! If you’re wondering whether you should overclock your computer’s memory, we’re here to tell you the pros and cons of doing so. We’ll also walk you through the whole process below.


What are the benefits of overclocking RAM?

Overclocking RAM improves the data transfer rate, which refers to how quickly the RAM delivers data to the CPU to complete a process. If your RAM is too slow, it can create a bottleneck that doesn’t fully utilize the potential of your CPU. If you’re running a budget system, this might not matter much, but if your computer houses a top-notch processor, you don’t want to slow it down with a memory kit that’s underperforming.

The easiest solution to this is to just buy newer, faster RAM. However, you can actually bump up the speeds on your RAM manually as long as you don’t exceed the recommended voltage, and in some cases, you can only get the most from your faster memory kits by performing some system tweaks of your own.

Overclocking your RAM can net some performance gains in day-to-day uses, but it really shines in gaming. Playing games that rely more on the processor than the graphics card will highlight the importance of RAM. Using faster memory speeds up the data transfer to the CPU and may result in higher frames per second (fps).

Whether you’re an enthusiast, a gamer, a person who likes to get the most out of their hardware, or simply a curious user, overclocking your RAM can bring a share of benefits — and it’s safe if you do it correctly.

RAM overclocking explained

Before we jump into the ins and outs of overclocking your RAM, we’ll give you a quick rundown of what your RAM does and how the whole process works.

RAM, also known as random access memory, lets your computer store data, but only for a while. This means that it only handles the data that’s currently in use and then shares it with the CPU. Streamlining this process can have an impact on the performance of your whole system.

Every program that you use loads into the RAM directly from your storage, be it a hard-disk drive (HDD) or a solid-state drive (SSD), which is a persistent type of memory that can store files on a long-term basis. The purpose of overclocking RAM is to boost its speed, which in turn makes it quicker to receive information and then pass it on to your processor.

You’ll usually see RAM speed measured in megahertz; for example, your memory kit may be a DDR4 RAM that runs at 3200MHz. This refers to the clock speed. In simple terms, the memory speed shows you how many times per second the RAM stick can access its memory.

Many RAM kits come with a pre-overclocked option referred to as an XMP (Extreme Memory Profile). This can be a little tricky because when you install your new RAM, you’ll notice that it will often run at the box speed as opposed to the overclocked speed. Having a saved XMP profile will help you bring that kit up to the factory overclock provided by the company that made it.

In order to overclock RAM, you’ll be adjusting its speed and its timings. This will include having to find that sweet spot that works for your machine and then getting your RAM to be stable at that point. Let’s take a look at how that can be achieved.

Prepare to overclock

The most important thing to do when you start overclocking RAM (or any component) is to establish a baseline. Doing this is not all too difficult. Follow the steps to prepare for overclocking.

Step 1: Take note of your memory’s default speed and timings with a utility like CPU-Z. Note down the speed and timings because you’ll be comparing them to your new standings later.

In addition to CPU-Z, you’ll also want to have a tool like HWInfo running in the background to keep an eye on memory temperatures and for finer frequency tracking.

If you’re using an AMD Ryzen processor and you plan to overclock manually, you can also download a tool called DRAM Calculator for Ryzen. This will help you choose the right frequency for your particular hardware.

Step 2: With both of your tools set up, it’s time to put your current RAM settings through a bit of a stress test. This is where benchmarking tools come in.

PassMark and AIDA64 are great synthetic benchmarks that will give you some raw bandwidth numbers to help figure out how much of an effect your overclocking has had. Cinebench is a CPU-intensive application that can show how much your RAM’s overclock has improved CPU performance. Lastly, Memtest is great for keeping tabs on your RAM, so use it throughout the process.

You need to run these programs before the overclocking and then again once more when you’re done in order to compare the scores.

For more real-world testing, CPU-intensive games like Shadow of the Tomb Raider, Civilization VI and GTA V can give you a good idea of what game performance improvements you have managed to achieve.

Overclock using XMP memory profiles

Most modern AMD and Intel CPUs support anywhere between 2666MHz and 3600MHz of memory right out of the box, which means your motherboard and processor will default to running memory at those speeds. If you’ve purchased a kit that’s rated to go faster than that, though, it will have shipped with an XMP, or extreme memory profile. These automatically «overclock» the memory by setting it to its rated speed and timings, providing a quick and easy way to boost performance.

We will guide you through the process of XMP overclocking in our steps below.

Step 1: To access XMP, head into your UEFI/BIOS by hitting your motherboard’s respective key on startup. It’s typically one of the F1 to F10 keys or Delete.

Step 2: With the BIOS open, it’s time to look around. Every motherboard is different, but you want to search for overclocking settings. In our ASUS example, it’s in the Extreme Tweaker menu. Look in the memory tuning section, and when you find your memory’s XMP settings, choose the one that you want to use.

Save the settings and restart, and you should be able to see your new memory settings.

Many of these kits can go further than the XMP profiles allow, however. To do so, you’ll need to dive into the more time-consuming and complicated world of manual overclocking.


Manual RAM overclocking

Manual overclocking is the most time-consuming option, but it can also have the biggest payoff if you know what you’re doing. It’s also the best way to hit higher RAM speeds than those saved in XMP profiles. While it might seem a bit scary, you can rest assured that overclocking your RAM should be fairly safe as long as you’re careful and don’t adopt an «all at once» kind of approach.

**Warning: ** Don’t raise your DDR4 memory’s voltage above 1.5v, as that can damage your RAM over the long term. You also want to keep the temperature of your memory under 122 degrees Fahrenheit (50 degrees Celsius) at all times to help avoid crashes and instability.

If you’re running an AMD CPU, it’s also important you consider the Infinity Fabric clock and its synchronization with your memory. Read more in the section below.

Step 1: As with the XMP settings, find the memory-tweaking menu in your UEFI/BIOS, only this time use Manual settings as opposed to the pre-determined XMP options.

Begin raising the frequency slowly, a step at a time. The lower the better, typically. You want to take it slow and steady instead of rushing into it.

Step 2: Once you’ve adjusted your memory frequency, restart your computer and boot Windows. It’s now time to run some benchmarks using the programs we mentioned above. Test thoroughly, not just using programs but also using your favorite CPU-intensive games.

Step 3: If you complete all the benchmarks without crashes or errors, raise the frequency again. If you run into crashes, you can scale back your overclock and consider the job complete, or raise the voltage to see if that improves stability.

Remember to take it slow and do your due diligence with testing. If you raise the frequency too high in one go, you won’t know what frequency is unstable and what isn’t, forcing you to go further back down to find a point of stability.

Keep an eye on the performance numbers in your benchmarking too. Raising the frequency can sometimes cause an automatic loosening of your RAM’s timings, which can affect its latency and performance. Sometimes it’s better to have a lower frequency with tighter timings.

Step 4: When you find a frequency you’re happy with, perform additional, longer-term benchmarking and stability testing to confirm that even under repeated load, your memory won’t cause any system crashes. If it does, lower the frequency or raise the voltage as necessary, and perform another round of heavy stability testing.

How to tighten the timings

If you want to take things a step further, you can always tighten the timings in addition to tweaking your RAM’s frequency.

You can typically do so in the UEFI/BIOS in the same section as adjusting the frequency. You’ll have to disable XMP profiles and switch to manual overclocking.

Tightening the timings means that you’ll be tweaking the various numbers, saving your new settings, and then restarting the computer to see if it runs smoothly. This is a bit of a trial-and-error job and should mostly be reserved for more advanced users who feel confident that they know what to do.

Never change too many things at once, and remember that not all frequency and timing combinations will work well together at all. Play with the settings until the benchmarks return stable results for at least 30 minutes of testing.

Things to remember in regard to AMD and Infinity Fabric

Overclocking RAM with an AMD Ryzen processor is very similar to Intel CPUs, but you also need to consider the Infinity Fabric. It’s a proprietary system interconnect architecture within AMD CPUs that has its clock speed synchronized with your memory’s. When it goes up, so does the Infinity Fabric’s, up to a point. That 1:1 ratio changes after 3,600MHz, and while that can mean greater overall performance, the latency loss isn’t always worth it.

Infinity Fabric overclocking is also a possibility for those who want to play with frequencies after de-syncing it from the memory, but that is more advanced overclocking and requires time and energy of its own.

Just know that if you want to raise the memory frequency over 3,600MHz on an AMD Ryzen system, you’re going to need to adjust the Infinity Fabric as well to get the best performance.

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Here’s How to Overclock PC RAM: But Should You?

Getting RAM for your PC is a necessity. Although, if you don’t run it at its maximum capacity, you are losing out on plenty. Every single program stores data in RAM for a while for faster accessibility. With an overclocked RAM, you can increase the performance of your PC.

You can optimize your RAM by tweaking a few settings in your BIOS. By doing this, you are removing the memory speed cap set by the manufacturer. In this article, we will show you how to overclock your PC RAM, with its benefits and drawbacks.

How to Overclock Your PC RAM

Before you begin overclocking your RAM, there are a few things you need to know. RAM overclocking might be a little more complicated than overclocking a GPU or CPU. On the plus side, it doesn’t generate as much heat as GPU or CPU overclocking.

DDR4 is the norm with RAMs these days. The speed is around 2133MHz or 2400MHz, coming from a manufacturer. Every program needs to access RAM to run on your PC.

RAMs use Serial Presence Detect to talk with the computer. It consists of a set of operating frequencies and timings. It is available on almost all the DDR4 RAM sticks and is known as the JEDEC specification. However, manufacturers like Intel have some tricks up their sleeves to cheat this system. They use a different profile called XMP.

XMP stands for eXtreme Memory Profile. As a result, Intel offers the ability to overclock RAM straight out of the factory. Still, it isn’t the best overclocking you can get out of that RAM. You can push the boundaries to further overclock it from the manufacturer’s capped frequency.

Some Useful Tools for Overclocking RAM

There are several tools to assess your RAM’s information. Here is a list of three tools that let you get information regarding your RAM before overclocking.

  • CPU-Z: CPU-Z is a free tool to assess and take notes of your DRAM before overclocking. If you head over to the Memory tab of CPU-Z, you can find all the information there. Additionally, there are XMP settings that your BIOS uses, located under the SPD tab.
  • Memtest86+: This is more of a testing tool used for stress testing on your PC. It comes with a wide variety of options to run stress tests.
  • XMP (eXtreme Memory Profiles): As mentioned above, XMP is an additional profile used by Intel to validate overclocking settings. Using XMP can allow the firmware to configure DRAM voltages and latencies automatically.

NOTE: You can always clear or reset your RAM settings if things don’t work for you. If your PC boots up, yet is unstable, you can revert to previous settings in the BIOS. If the PC doesn’t boot up at all after a second restart, try to clear the CMOS on your motherboard to reset BIOS settings to default. If you don’t know how to do that, consider checking your motherboard’s manual.

There are two methods to overclock your CPU: using XMP and manually overclocking.

1. Using XMP to Overclock RAM

Image Credit: Intel

Intel gives you the option to overclock using the XMP profile. To overclock your PC RAM using the XMP method, follow these steps:

  1. Install and open CPU-Z on your PC.
  2. Note down the DRAM frequency and timings along with timing tables from the SPD tab.
  3. Restart your PC and enter BIOS mode.
  4. Once entered into BIOS, head over to the AI Tweaker / Extreme Tweaker / D.O.C.P. option, depending on your motherboard.
  5. Choose the right XMP profile that matches the advertised specifications of your RAM.
  6. After making the necessary changes in the BIOS, save changes and restart your PC.
  7. Once the PC restarts, perform stress tests to check its stability.
  8. If things don’t work out well, make the necessary changes in BIOS and stress-test again.

If the system is stable, then you have achieved overclocking of your RAM using XMP.

Related: How to Free Up RAM and Reduce RAM Usage on Windows

2. Using Manual Settings to Overclock RAM

Image Credit: Overclockers Forum

Following the above steps will give you a good idea of where the system is stable. You might want to write down the right timings, frequencies, and speeds. In this method, we will boost the voltage of the RAM, leading to better RAM performance.

If you want to take advantage of the manual settings to overclock your RAM, follow these steps:

  1. Reboot your system into the BIOS and navigate to AI Tweaker or equivalent settings of your BIOS, as mentioned above.
  2. Instead of selecting an XMP profile, select the Manual settings. This will unlock additional settings for you.
  3. You should slowly start increasing the DRAM voltage in 0.015V increments. Similarly, increase the CPU VCCIO and CPU System Agent voltages in 0.05V increments. NOTE: Make sure you don’t overdo them; it may cause your components to fail.
  4. For DRAM timings, check the timings that you noted down while performing XMP overclocking.
  5. After making the necessary changes in the BIOS, save changes and restart your PC.
  6. Once the PC restarts, perform stress tests to check its stability.

If things don’t work out well, make the necessary changes in BIOS and stress-test again. In the event that your system is stable, then you have overclocked your RAM successfully.

Should You Overclock Your RAM?

RAM is necessary for any system. Every program on your PC uses a certain amount of RAM to boot up faster and run in the background. And that’s where the actual use case of faster RAM becomes apparent. It’s not always the CPU and GPU that improve your PC’s performance: it’s also your PC’s RAM speed that results in better performance.

You might not see the results as a day-to-day user, but if you are the one whose work relies highly on RAM, then overclocking is a good option for you. Other than those circumstances, if you are a gamer, you’ll see the actual effect of an overclocked RAM. The frame rate of your games increases drastically and might improve your gameplay.

Related: How to Reuse Old RAM Modules: Things You Can Do

Is Overclocking RAM Bad for Your PC?

Technically, overclocking RAM isn’t bad for your PC if you are doing it to the RAM’s actual limits. If you overclock the GPU or CPU, you must worry about noise and the cooler’s capacity to handle such clock speeds. However, that’s not the case with overclocking RAM.

Overclocking a RAM, even at wrong frequencies, will give you an error at most. Later, you will need to tweak the frequencies or voltages to stabilize the RAM. There’s no issue of overheating, so you need not worry about that.

But doing this on a laptop is a bit risky. You might want to check for the CMOS reset option, so that you can reset your BIOS settings if something goes wrong.

Overclocking PC RAM: Success

So that’s how you can overclock your PC’s RAM. But always remember that even though it’s risk-free, you must have a backup RAM for if something goes wrong at any point. We recommend you to overclock your RAM only if your work involves a lot of RAM usage, like video/graphics editing, gaming, etc.

The method for overclocking RAM is different from one manufacturer to another. So do an ample amount of research before hopping onto overclocking your PC’s RAM. If you are afraid to overclock your RAM, you can always get an overclocked RAM from any online store.

90,000 The number of tigers in the world is increasing. How many Amur tigers are there in Russia

The number of rare predators in the wild has increased from 3200 to 3890 individuals. Such data are published on April 11 by WWF and the intergovernmental organization Global Tiger Forum.

According to the latest data, most of all tigers live in India — 2226 individuals, Russia (see details below), Indonesia — 371, Malaysia — 250, Nepal — 198, Thailand — 189. Other countries of the «tiger» range include Bangladesh, Bhutan, Vietnam, Cambodia, China, Laos and Myanmar. nine0003

The increase in the number of tigers is explained by a number of reasons. First, the actual increase in the number of predators associated with increased protection of the species and its habitats. An increase in the number of tigers has been noted in Russia, India, Nepal and Bhutan. Secondly, in five countries in 2013-2015. censuses of predators were carried out, which made it possible to clarify data on their number.

“For the first time in decades, the number of tigers is not declining, but growing. This gives us hope and shows that when authorities, local residents and conservationists join forces, we can save rare species and their habitats”, — emphasized Marco Lambertini , General Director of the WWF International Secretariat.

Nevertheless, environmentalists continue to talk about the need to strengthen the protection of the tiger: over the past 100 years, the number of predators in the wild has decreased by 97% (from 100 to 3.5 thousand animals). There is an active illegal trade in derivatives (body parts) of tigers. According to the TRAFFIC organization, law enforcement agencies of different countries in 2000-2014. recorded more than 1,500 illegal trade transactions in tiger derivatives. nine0003

According to WWF, the situation is particularly alarming in Southeast Asia. If the governments of the countries of this region do not take action, tigers in this area may disappear from the wild.

In Russia, the total number of Amur tigers, according to the census in 2015, ranges from 523 to 540 individuals. Of these, there are about 430 adult predators. In 1996, the population consisted of approximately 415–476 individuals.

“We are proud that our country is making a significant contribution to the increase in the number of tigers. Such success became possible, among other things, thanks to more than 20 years of purposeful work of the Ministry of Natural Resources, WWF and other organizations in the Russian Far East” , — said the director of WWF Russia Igor Chestin .

Data on the number of predators are presented on the eve of the opening of the III Intergovernmental Conference dedicated to the conservation of the tiger. The meeting will take place from 12 to 14 April in Delhi, India.

The previous estimate of the abundance of a rare animal in the world was prepared for the 2010 Tiger Summit, which was held in St. Petersburg. At the same time, the main task was formulated — to double the number of tigers to 6,000 by 2022. nine0003


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Very large sheep of the Arashan breed! KFH Reina-Kench.

Gissar and Arashan sheep. watch online video from FERMER.RU


3 months ago

FERMER.RU — the main farming portal828 subscribers

Sheep and rams of the Hissar and Arashan breed. Karakol, Kyrgyzstan
AgroExpedition in Kyrgyzstan was organized by farmer Abdiraimov Pardavay Nazyrovich (+996 770 000 102, instagram: @dorperasia)
We express our gratitude to the friendly and close-knit employees of the Microcredit Company «Bailyk Finance» for supporting AgroExpedition (www.bf.kg instagram: @bailykfinance.kg 2021
► FERMER.RU continues to publish videos from the AgroExpedition «Agriculture of Kyrgyzstan». In this video, we will show the Hissar and Arashan rams at the Reina Kench farm.
► The farm is carrying out selection work on crossing Hissar ewes with tussocks of the new Arashan breed. This will allow you to get livestock with improved qualities in terms of weight and exterior. But the main goal of the experiment is to transfer the good distillation qualities of Hissars to new generations of Arashans.
► In Reina Kench we were explained that despite the similarity of these two breeds, they are still very different. In appearance, the Arashans differ from the Hissars in their longer ears, height at the withers and an elongated body. And of course, according to Aibek, the Hissars are inferior to the Arashans in terms of body weight. If Arashans-producers can reach up to 215 kg, then Hissar kochkars from Tajikistan can weigh up to 140 kg.
► All ewes after lambing are driven to high mountain pastures, which are located 150 km. from the farm at an altitude of 3200 meters. As a rule, the journey of the herd takes about 4 days. The total pasture area for sheep is 400 hectares. For cattle and horses another 500 hectares.
► The mating is carried out according to the following scheme: for 450 ewes, first one kochkar is launched for 10 days, then it is changed to the next one also for 10 days. And already at the end, 4 more kochkars are launched, which work for 20 days.
► 350 ​​hectares are allocated for field crops, of which 110 hectares are sown with alfalfa, the remaining areas are equally divided into wheat and barley, and there is also land for growing corn for silage.
► Kochkars for mating are launched in the evening, this allows you to ensure that lambing in 80 percent of cases will be in the evening, when the ewes are in the sheepfold.
► The cost of a sheep of the Arashan breed on the farm is estimated at about 10 thousand dollars. A good individual should be taller than a meter at the withers, the tail should be raised. The weight of such a fat tail can reach up to 30 kg.
► Young sheep of the Arashan breed are sold in their region (Issyk-Kul), and also delivered to the Chui region of Kyrgyzstan.
00:00 ► Introduction
00:10 ► What will we watch today.
00:59► What is the difference between Hissars and Arashans?
03:10 ► How are Gissar ewes used on the farm?
03:58 ► Where do sheep graze?
04:20 ► How many pastures?
04:46 ► What is the purpose of crossing Arashans with Hissars?
05:28 ► What is the height of the Arashan ewe?
05:46 ► Do you know all the livestock by sight?
06:22 ► What education does Aibek have?
07:18 ► How long does the race take?
07:59 ► How does mating happen?
08:50 ► How many ewes are in the herd?
09:18 ► No confusion with tribal records?
10:17 ► What do you grow in your fields?
10:52 ► Do you have enough food for the farm?
11:11 ► Seed production on the farm
12:20 ► Feeders for the winter period.
13:21 ► Where does lambing take place?
14:25 ► Giant sires of the Arashan breed.
17:06 ► Are wrinkles on the muzzle of Arashans a sign of the breed?
17:52 ► How much does an Arashan ram cost?
18:29► Do Arashan sheep have horns?
18:43 ► How much does Arashan’s fat tail weigh?
19:44 ► What is the maximum weight for kochkars?
20:56 ► What is the head of Arashan rams?
23:16 ► Where do you sell Arashan sheep?
24:06 ► How many members are there in the society of Arashan breeders?
25:14 ► When was the Arashan breed registered?
25:32 ► How many years did the work on breeding the Arashan breed go on?
26:18 ► On the basis of what breeds was the Arashan breed bred?
27:05 ► How many heads of the Arashan breed are there in Kyrgyzstan?
27:42 ► Is there a demand for the Arashan breed outside of Kyrgyzstan?
28:26 ► Where can Arashans be grown in Russia?
29:28 ► Did the Arashans participate in exhibitions?
31:53 ► Thank you for the invitation and organization of the AgroExpedition!
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